Keynote Speech by Professor Makoto Yokohari, The University of Tokyo, at the IUFRO Regional Congress for Asia and Oceania
Restoring biodiversity by reforesting urban fabrics is one of common urgent tasks for cities in the world in general and in the Asia and Oceania region in particular. After all, seven of the ten largest cities in the world are in this region. One of these cities is Tokyo. It accommodates 10 million people. More than 30 million people live in the national capital region; this is one third of the total population of Japan. However, despite the high number of population in Tokyo, one third of its area is mountainous, largely covered by natural and planted forest patches.
Professor Makoto Yokohari during his keynote speech. Photo: Gerda Wolfrum, IUFRO Headquarters
We should be aware of the fact that where you find megacities you often also find high biodiversity. Consequently, when talking about biodiversity, we cannot exclude cities as they often coincide with biological hotspots. Of course, the green spaces in cities do not only serve the purpose of biodiversity but they are also used by people for recreation. Urban greens are areas of human comfort. But how to balance between human comfort and biodiversity? Read more…
Lu Wen Ming delivering welcome remarks at the dryland session. Photo: Gerda Wolfrum, IUFRO Headquarters
Session A-05(108): Conservation, restoration and sustainable use of dryland ecosystems
There is clear evidence of the fact that the growth rate of CO2 concentration has been increasing and, together with other greenhouse gases, this increase is a main driver of global warming. Unfortunately, these gases have a relatively long lifetime – CO2, for example, has a lifetime of 200-400 years – which means that we are putting a heavy burden on future generations.
Desertification is one of the results of rising temperatures. In China there are actually 4.52 million km2 of drylands constituting 47.1% of the total landmass. Parts of these dryland areas are threatened by degradation and desertification. In Mongolia we are witnessing a marked decrease of the number and area of lakes. This is mainly due to human activities such as coal extraction and irrigation. These and other anthropogenic drivers of change in drylands intensify the pressure on land, which leads to land degradation and decreases the ecosystem value, thus affecting people’s livelihoods. Read more…
Panel discussion at the IUFRO Regional Congress for Asia and Oceania, moderated by Peter Mayer, Austrian Research Center for Forests (BFW) and Deputy Coordinator of IUFRO Directors’ Forum
Panelists at the Directors’ Forum
Haruo Sawada, Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute (FFPRI), Japan
Jung-Hwan Park, National Institute of Forest Science (NIFoS), Korea
Gan Kee Seng, Forest Research Institute (FRIM), Malaysia
Jerry Vanclay, School of Environment, Science and Engineering, Southern Cross University, Australia
The IUFRO Directors’ Forum is one of the most important activities within IUFRO and its status of a Special Program reflects this great importance. The forum is a high-level platform for directors of forest research institutions and deans of forest faculties worldwide to debate opportunities and challenges of research management. Read more…
Keynote Presentation by Don Koo Lee, Seoul National University, Korea, Tuesday 25 Oct 2016
This most inspiring talk about the important roles of trees, soil and forests for human life highlighted ways of how to achieve sustainable development and showcased success stories, especially the historic achievement of reforesting Korea.
Professor Don Koo Lee speaking about sustainable forest management in Asia. Photo: Gerda Wolfrum, IUFRO Headquarters.
The goods and services provided by forests are manifold and indispensable for people and the environment. Forests are crucial, among other things, for stabilizing soil, providing water resources, supporting biodiversity, protecting against natural hazards, delivering timber and non-timber products, and, quite importantly, combatting climate change. In order to ensure that future generations will be able to enjoy the same benefits from forests, sustainability is indispensable in the management and use of natural resources. Read more…
Session title: Invasive Species and Forest Ecosystems under Changing Climate: Ecological, Economical and Social Impacts
Daizy R. Batish, Deputy Coordinator IUFRO Division 8.02.04, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India
Shibu Jose, Coordinator IUFRO Division 8.02.04, University of Missouri, USA
Monday, 24 October 2016, 16:00-18:00 (305)
Find more information on the IUFRO Division 8.02.04 at: http://www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-8/80000/80200/80204/
This session took a look at alien species, specifically invasive insects and plants, and their impact on the invaded ecosystems. It particularly addressed the question of how changes within ecosystems associated with climate change affect alien species. Furthermore, presentations shed light on how invasive species can impact the livelihood of people in a social, economic and ecologic level. Read more…
Professor Zhang Shougong, CAF, on screen during the Opening Ceremony
Professor Zhang Shougong, Chinese Academy of Forestry, held the first keynote address at the IUFRO Regional Congress for Asia and Oceania on Monday, 24 October 2016.
As one of the leading scientists in silviculture and forest management in China, Professor Zhang Shougong, President of the Chinese Academy of Forestry, has long experience in establishment of planted forests and sustainable forest management. His research interests cover quality improvement and breeding of larch species, technologies for larch forest management and their application. Read more…
Opening of the first ever IUFRO All Division 8 “Forest Environment” Conference on 23 October, 2016, in connection with the IUFRO Regional Congress for Asia and Oceania in Beijing, China
In his inaugural statement IUFRO Division 8 Coordinator Jean-Michel Carnus highlighted the complete alignment of IUFRO Division 8’s thematic focus with the Regional IUFRO-AO 2016 Congress theme of “Forest Environment under changing climates and societies“.
Recognizing that the participants were the most important ingredients of a successful Congress, IUFRO Vice-President Björn Hånell proudly acknowledged the 20 sessions and 100 presentations of Division 8 that had been fully integrated into the Congress program. He pointed out that the need for knowledge on forest environment had never before been so urgent. And, since such a broad field cannot be mastered alone, scientific cooperation and networking are of utmost importance. Read more…
Interview with Maria Veronica Chang, candidate for Master of Environmental Management at Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies and participant of IUFRO-SPDC’s Pre-Congress Training Workshop on “Systematic Review in Forest Science – Learning from Traditional Forest Knowledge”.
Please introduce yourself briefly.
Ms. Maria Veronica Chang, Yale
My name is Maria Veronica Chang, candidate for Master of Environmental Management at Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies. I have a keen interest in community based tropical forest restoration, particularly in the Neotropics. I am a native of Guayaquil, Ecuador, and I hold a B.S. in Agricultural Economics. Prior to my arrival at Yale, I worked as an environmental educator at Cerro Blanco Tropical Dry Forest in Guayaquil, and as a manager of a sustainable farm in the coast of Manabi, Ecuador. At Yale F&ES, I’m focusing my studies and specialization in tropical forests restoration and management. Additionally, I’m contributing to Yale ISTF (International Society of Tropical Foresters) as treasurer, and as a research assistant for the Map of Life Project. For my master’s project, I conducted my research and work in Azuero, Panama, measuring Agroforestry and Conventional restored plantations in degraded cattle-ranching landscapes. My research will assess the potential of forest restoration programs to incentivize landowners into adopting carbon sequestration systems and improving landscape management practices.
How did you learn about this workshop?
I learned about the workshop through the IUFRO webpage while I was registering for the congress.
Is this the first time for you that you take part in an IUFRO event?
Why did you want to participate in this workshop?
My previous research will support local farmers providing data that will help them to adopt sustainable management decisions. However, as a researcher, I think it is important not only to investigate urgent environmental problems and potential solutions. It is also essential to learn the tools to effectively inform scientific findings that would influence the policy decision-making process and therefore, secure the wellbeing of the communities in the long-term.
What do you hope to gain from this workshop?
I hope to gain skills and expertise in conducting future systematic review work concerning relevant forestry and environmental issues. I think there is a great opportunity to get involved and help to establish evidence-based framework that could be used for policy and future environmental agreements.
Would you recommend this workshop to your colleagues?
Thank you for this interview!
Additional information: http://www.iufro.org/science/special/spdc/actproj/twsbeijing16/
Blog post: http://blog.iufro.org/2016/10/23/systematic-review-in-forest-science-learning-from-traditional-forest-knowledge/
Report by Dr Gillian Petrokofsky, University of Oxford, 23 October 2016
Aims of the training
Dr. Gillian Petrokofsky, Biodiversity Institute Oxford, and trainees. Photo: Eva Schimpf, IUFRO-SPDC
The 3-day training workshop introduced participants to systematic review as a powerful tool in evidence synthesis.
The tool is used to improve decision-making and any policy formulation that draws on scientific evidence. The workshop explored examples from forestry and natural resource management.
Participants applied techniques of systematic review to develop mini-Protocols focused on how traditional knowledge forest could inform current forest management strategies/policy. Read more…
Professor Zhang Shougong, Chinese Academy of Forestry (CAF)
Keynote speaker at the IUFRO Regional Congress for Asia and Oceania –
Forests for Sustainable Development: The Role of Research
Professor Zhang, the IUFRO Regional Congress for Asia and Oceania 2016 is jointly organized by IUFRO and the Chinese Academy of Forestry. This is the first Congress of its kind to be held in the region of Asia and Oceania and will offer an extraordinary opportunity for enhancing forest science cooperation. You are one of the leading scientists in silviculture and forest management in China and have a long experience in the establishment of planted forests on the one hand, and sustainable forest management on the other hand. The Congress will particularly focus on these two areas with its themes “Planted forests for fostering a greener economy”, and “Sustainable forest management for enhanced provision of ecosystem services”. Read more…