IUFRO Spotlight #75 – IUFRO Task Forces: A multi-disciplinary approach to addressing forest challenges around the globe
Current forest-related challenges are best addressed from a multi-disciplinary perspective.
Integrating knowledge from biophysical and socioeconomic sciences can provide more complete analyses of forest issues. These, in turn, are of more direct value to forest decision makers and practitioners.
That’s one of the primary reasons underlying the IUFRO Task Forces (TFs).
“The TFs serve as the platforms for scientists from different disciplines to work together and contribute their wisdom to the most pressing forest issues and international challenges,” said Dr. Shirong Liu, IUFRO Vice-President for Task Forces.
Professor Liu, Chief Research Scientist in Forest Ecology and Hydrology at the Chinese Academy of Forestry, where he also serves as President of the Academy, noted that the TFs – there are currently nine – have been established to run during the present five-year period (2019-2024), and focus on new or emerging topics that are centered on priority areas of IUFRO Strategy.
“This encourages activities across the full spectrum of IUFRO’s disciplinary expertise and enables IUFRO to establish new TFs periodically as new challenges or opportunities arise,” he said.
The nine Task Forces he will oversee are:
Monitoring Global Tree Mortality Patterns and Trends
Fire$: Economic Drivers of Global Wildland Fire Activity
Forests and Water Interactions in a Changing Environment
Gender Equality in Forestry
Resilient Planted Forests Serving Society & Bioeconomy
Strengthening Mediterranean Nursery Systems for Forest Reproductive Material Procurement to Adapt to the Effects of Climate Change
Unlocking the Bioeconomy and Non-Timber Forest Products
Transforming Forest Landscapes for Futures Climates and Human Well-Being
Each TF links back to, and will address challenges relating to, IUFRO’s overarching themes of Forests for People; Forests and Climate Change; Forests and Forest-based Products for a Greener Future; Forest, Soil and Water Interactions; and Biodiversity, Ecosystem Services and Biological Invasions.
The TFs are led by a Coordinator and usually involve a small group (up to four) of Deputy Coordinators. That group works with a much larger network of individuals from within and outside of IUFRO who are engaged to varying extents in particular sub-projects, involved in workshops and other meetings organized by the TF, and contribute to the publications and other major products of the TF.
IUFRO President John Parrotta said: “What all recent TFs have had in common is a very high level of activity and productivity, thanks to the excellent leadership of their coordinators (or coordination teams) and the sustained energy that these often very large multi-disciplinary groups seem to generate.”
Dr. Parrotta, National Research Program Leader for International Science Issues with the U.S. Forest Service, is also a former IUFRO Vice-President in charge of TFs.
Dr. Liu has high expectations for the TFs. “I expect every TF can accomplish their objectives and goals, as set,” he said. “And their outcomes and achievements can improve our knowledge, produce solutions, and assist in better informed decision making and science based policy and governance in forest management.
“Secondly, I hope the inter-divisional and cross-disciplinary cooperative and synergistic actions derived from the TFs can contribute to IUFRO’s strategic goals through both their work outcomes and their experience in mobilizing cooperation.
“And finally, because the TFs involve various stakeholders from different circles, both inside and outside IUFRO, I hope they will deepen understanding about the expectations of different stakeholders toward IUFRO and better serve the science-policy interface,” Dr. Liu said.
Not all forests are alike. Nor are cultures and perspectives. So Dr. Liu is enthusiastic about the diversity in the makeup of the TFs.
Of the eight TFs that have complete membership, there are 282 members from more than 52 countries in Europe, Asia, Africa, Latin America, Oceania and North America representing universities, research institutes, international organizations, government departments, intergovernmental organizations, foundations, charities, forest societies and enterprises.
From a gender perspective, for the nine TFs there are six women among the 19 deputy coordinators. And the joint IUFRO-IFSA Task Force on Forest Education is co-coordinated by a woman and a man.
Dr. Parrotta noted that during his 2014-2019 term as Vice-President in charge of TFs “we saw a much higher and consistent level of activity among our TFs.
“I think this is due to two factors. First, TFs are initiated by officeholders from within Divisions who are highly incentivized to expand the work of their units (Research Groups or Working Parties) to include a broader range of disciplinary expertise on their selected TF topics. We also instituted a more thorough and demanding process for TF proposals that involved two rounds of review by Board members; this ensured compliance with a number of criteria related to broad inclusion (in TF teams), clarity and feasibility of workplans, and availability of resources for accomplishment of TF objectives.
“Most of the Task Forces established during the 2014-2019 term greatly exceeded expectations in terms of their productivity, impact, contributions to major international scientific meetings, and establishment of durable working relations with new partners within and outside of the scientific community,” Dr. Parrotta said.
Dr. Liu complimented Dr. Parrotta for laying “a solid evolving basis for managing the task forces” and said in his own TF overseer role he will “try my best to make full use of the valuable assets accomplished by my predecessors to motivate, coordinate and encourage the alignment of work from all IUFRO Task Forces.”
IUFRO Task Forces advance inter‐disciplinary cooperation in forest research fields. Their focus is on emerging key issues that are of great interest to policy makers and groups inside and outside the forest sector, and contribute to international processes and activities: https://www.iufro.org/science/task-forces/